Archive for the ‘Digital Marketing’ Category


Decoding the word Mobile Optimized Website in 2019

Posted by Varun Sharma on January 31, 2019
Considering the latest update of Mobile First-Index and due to huge surge of traffic from mobile devices which surpassed the desktop traffic in recent years, the demand for Mobile Optimization has reached a new level.

The below graph illustrates the vast growth of Mobile VS Desktop from 2012-2020:

Mobile VS Desktop Users Survey 2019

So the key question that hovers over the mind is “How do we compete and make sure that we are providing the best Mobile User Experience for our visitors?”

The answer is thorough Research and perfect implementation. So let us dig in and evaluate the meaning of these 2 powerful terms.

Research: How to conduct a competitor research for creating an advanced mobile strategy for 2019

Competitor Analysis

One of the most important aspect for any kind of research is to get into the shoes of “What your competitors are doing?”.

Similarly for mobile optimization, the game begins with the study on your competitor abilities to dominate the mobile era.

Important Tip: Study both local as well as global competitors in the same niche to get the best strategy out of your competition.

  1. Review of Design Implementation – What kind of implementation they are following i.e.
  • Progressive Web App Design
  • Responsive Design
  • Mobile Separate Design
  • Dynamic Serving
  • Accelerated Mobile Pages

to get a proper overview of “What is working in your niche and what is not?” is a must.

We will be discussing these implementations ahead in full detail in the “Implementation” phase.

2. Review of UX Elements in the buyers journey

Buyers Journey Digital Marketing

With coming up of AI technologies and day to day advancements, it is very important to study what kind of new UX elements are being offered by the competitors to interact with the targeted audience at each level of buyers journey i.e.

  • Global Usage – What kind of navigation they are utilising, font size, content decoration styles and colour combinations.
  • Awareness Stage – Checkout the Main Blog and individual blog post representations, what kind of features and how they are represented to interact with users i.e. Social media sharing buttons, subscriber forms, banners and images, offers etc. Checkout how PDF and other type of knowledge based elements are used on the website i.e. example e-books and infographics. Some trending features like approximate time of blog reading, featured post/New Posts or Top posts representation can be reviewed as well.
  • Consideration and Decision Stage – E-commerce website have incorporated products, software website may contain demos. Studying their representations allow you to create the best layout for your website for the consideration and decision stages. Some powerful examples may be Reviews layout, Product Features Layout, Comparison Charts Layout, Feedback Form Layout, Customer Service Elements, Clear Product Images and Pricing. Also, very important is to review the check out process and the forms layout. Any leakage in customer flow can be a big loss.

3. Technical Aspects – Study the technical aspects of your competitors i.e. compare page loading speed, light house elements, AMP implementations using tools. Be the best out of the same, improvise where required. The best option is outrank the Top 3 competitors by creating an excel comparison sheet and updating it on regular basis for all the technical elements.

Studying the various implementation options for a mobile optimized website in 2018:

1. Separate Mobile Design

The design that is specifically made for mobile and is hosted on a separate sub-folder and sub-domain is called a mobile dedicated design. Mostly applicable for local businesses that wants to showcase “to the point content” or a website with “vast amount of content” which may be difficult to showcase in a responsive design.

Separate Mobile Website Design

Below are some of the things to remember:

  • Have a clearly defined Rel=Alternate Tag on the desktop version and Canonical tag of the desktop version on the mobile sub domain or sub folder to clearly represent the implementation of separate mobile design.

Example of a Rel=Alternate tag –

<link rel=”alternate” href=”” >

For further implementation you can also view the article of Stone Temple here.

  • The use of Vary:User-Agent Header – Whenever a visitor visits a webpage, it sends a User Agent of the particular device being used to the web server, a specific code is placed on the website to make sure the most suitable version of your website is detected using the Vary:User-Agent Header script.

The code can be found here with more elaboration on the topic.

  • Proper Meta codes to be used on each mobile optimised webpage – As each mobile web page has a different url of the desktop version so it is very important to make sure that all meta codes are present on the mobile urls as well, that are there on the corresponding desktop version of the same webpage.
  • Review of Structured Data as compared to Desktop – Another issue mostly found with the separate mobile design is the missing of the structure data. The structured data also has to be same for both the version of pages in order to not miss any SEO opportunities.
  • Appropriate use of Href-Lang tags, if you have an international website. Remember for the mobile dedicated structure you need to point the href-lang tags towards the mobile version of the website.
  • Proper Pagination as compared to Desktop – Many website auto load the rest of the pages in the mobile version rather than using the pagination rel=prev and rel=next tags. Need to have the same structure as desktop so that all the content is indexed.
  • Redirects – Redirect of 404 pages which has to simultaneously work for desktop as well as for mobile website, are often missed, so have to make sure the redirections are properly applied for both the variations.
  • Make sure to copy same rules in robots.txt as they are in desktop version i.e. unnecessary folders and pages must remain blocked on both the versions.
  • Verify the mobile version in Google Webmaster Tools – Yes, if it is a sub domain then it has to be verified separately in the GWT console, however you don’t need to do in case you are using a sub-folder. Here is a question answered on Google forums for the same query.
  • Review of content, headlines as compared to Desktop – After mobile first index, it is very important that you review the content density on your separate mobile website as lack of content means lack of rankings.

2. Responsive Design –

Most used, Recommended. Google Loves it! Easy to implement, cost effective as well and has been used by majority of the websites. The design that automatically fetches the same code or HTML of desktop and renders itself according to the device being used is called responsive design.

Responsive Design Mobile Website

Some of the points to consider:

  • It uses a meta viewport tag to detect the resolution (Width and scaling) of the device being used by the user and thus render itself according to the same.
  • As stated “Google loves it” as it does not have to crawl another version of the website or duplicate content thus saving its crawler budget i.e. time and effort.
  • Page Loading Speed: Main painpoint for responsive website is with the page speed. As they have to load all the elements and content of the desktop version, it becomes a problem to get a good page loading speed. Make sure you check the page loading speed of each page using Google Page Speed Insight tool.
  • Google states not to hide your javascript and CSS, while most of the designers and developers does the same in order to achieve the target of a clean website. Has to be avoided at all cost. Make sure to “Fetch as Mobile” in GWT to check if all javascript, CSS and images are being crawled and are not blocked.
  • Site Architecture – Most of the top websites like Microsoft, Disney etc which are critically acclaimed as one of the best responsive websites have lot of responsive issues which lead to bad U/X. For an example: the “Games” option on Disney website had huge bugs. Also, comes with this the burden of pixilate images, formatting of charts and graphs and size of CTA’s being used on mobile are smaller as compared to desktop so designer has to optimize for the touch rather than scrolling and then clicking.

Tip: Try to use CTA buttons of 44 X 44 pixels.

  • Hiding Content – Another issue is with hidden content, most of the responsive versions in order to showcase the best elements, hide their desktop elements, which leads to lack of content or copied content on the same version. Has to be avoided. Best strategy is of aligning Content i.e Make sure to use the CTA banner on Top mobile fold and long fold content after the same.

3. Dynamic Serving –

In dynamic serving, the URL remains the same but the content & HTML changes for different versions of mobile, tablet and desktop by detecting the user device.

Dynamic Serving Mobile Website

  • Again, it uses the Vary:User-Agent Header to detect the user agent being used by the user and then fetches the appropriate version accordingly.

Note: The issue for using Vary:User-Agent Header tag is that it the user agent list has to be constantly maintained in order to give the right UX to bots as well as user, which is a hard job and often leads to redirection issues.

  • It is an expensive affair as it requires a lot of effort from design and development team.
  • Most of the points, as discussed with the separate mobile website exists with dynamic serving as well regarding to meta codes, structured data and content structuring. Have to make sure that the codes are same for both the versions.
  • Caching issue is another problem faced as only version is cached i.e. either mobile or desktop so there are many chances that a mobile visitor may get the cached version of the desktop. However, solution is to properly use the cache plugins to use only the desktop cache.

4. Progressive Web Apps –

A mobile website that behaves like a web app and can be used offline is called PWA. Aliexpress and Filpkart elite are an examples of PWA. Both the websites multiplied their sales and user interaction using PWA.

Video: Get Example from an andriod phone.

More information – Download Ali Express Case Study

  • Uses service workers (A connection between your browser and device) to store, update data and send push notifications.
  • PWA stores data and cache once a visitor visits the websites and prompts visitor to add a PWA icon to the home screen, once done the service workers then help to send push notifications.
  • Requires lot of expertise for implementation and is recommended only if you need an APP like experience.
  • The downward side is that some of the browsers still does not support PWA so may result in a broken link.
  • From SEO prospective, make sure you have SEO-friendly URLs and not the ones with a # as Google will neglect everything after #.
  • Make sure to use a proper sitemap for indexing of PWA urls.
  • Check the “Fetch and Render” option for the PWA pages to make sure they are being indexed properly.
  • Make sure to copy all content, Structured Data and Meta data from the desktop version.
  • Make sure to use the canonical version of desktop pages on the PWA pages where there is copied content.
  • Use the Vary User Agent header to indicate the user agent and make sure the redirections are proper.
  • Website has to be secure in order to make a PWA.
  • Use light house to make sure the PWA has all the important elements incorporated.

5. Accelerated Mobile Pages –

Next in the league, come the introduction of Accelerated Mobile pages. The pages that are built by stripping of some desktop elements and javascript and uses AMP HTML, AMP JS which is stored in AMP Cache to give a top notch page loading speed i.e. 4X more than a regular responsive webpage

Accelerated Mobile Pages AMP

  • Tedious implementation – In wordpress, simple plugins and rework of htaccess file helps in the implementation, whereas in other platforms, developer has to download the code for AMP Project website. You need a developer for the implementation.
  • Canonical Tags – Canonical tags needs to be implemented on the AMP versions for desktop urls to showcase proper implementation and rel=”amphtml” tag has to be placed on the corresponding desktop webpage.
  • Mostly applicable for major content publishing sections such as Blog, News etc may not considered for product or service pages.
  • AMP Articles are favoured by Google as well. One can see AMP tag on the Google search engine which also is listed in the top carousel on the search.
  • Difficult for advertisers, as only one advertisement tag can be used on one page, which is also very difficult to implement.
  • Great UX – Studies have shown increased interaction, reduced bounce rate and even rise in conversions for websites that have switched to AMP.
  • AMP AD Landing Pages – Can help you create fast and attractive landing pages for your Google Ads. AMP Analytic can further combine with the same to run conversion tracking codes and re-marketing codes.Some common AMP Tags that can be used with-in landing page:
    1. amp-bind: Add custom stateful interactivity based on JavaScript-like events.
    2. amp-form: Create landing pages that require input from the user.
    3. amp-carousel: Create an image carousel with standard controls for scrolling an image gallery.
    4. amp-lightbox: Display a full-screen view of a component like an image when it’s interacted with.
    5. amp-live-list: Render a live stream of content into the landing page.
    6. amp-call-tracking Dynamically replaces a phone number in a hyperlink to enable call tracking.

    More information can be found here:

  • AMP Analytics and GWT – AMP is supported by Google analytic, AMP Analytic provides you a desired script that can be used on AMP pages for tracking, as well you can review the results in the GWT for the same.
  • Domain Authority – All the urls resides on Google, so getting a link back for AMP towards your websites is not possible which results in loss of backlinks thus DA. However, by late 2018, Google plans to roll out publisher URL in search for AMP websites.
  • Design Issues – As major chunk of javascript etc is removed from the AMP version so the design is not lucrative as that of a desktop version. Main focus of AMP is fast loading and readability. Therefore, majority of the websites using AMP are content publishing websites.
  • Google Validation – Google Validation plays a major role in showcasing AMP pages on the search result i.e. until and unless Google is sure that there are no errors in implementation, it will not showcase AMP pages in the search result.
  • Continuous improvement – Still not being adapted by majority users, the AMP project still requires a major growth in prospect of design. However, as link-e-din, twitter and other major guns supporting the initiative it is bound to receive a major boost in coming years.

The question at the end of the day, comes with which mobile implementation is best for your business in 2019?

The answer is: It depends upon the nature of your business. As mentioned, content publishing websites may opt for AMP, e-commerce websites or website that loves APP may switch to PWA, while responsive may be loved by majority of the owners due to less cost, less SEO work as well as the reason Google favours the same.

However, i do believe, studying your audience plays a major role in the creation and optimization of mobile website. For example, Combination of PWA + AMP can do wonders if implemented correctly and can be considered as one of the powerful combination for coming year. Similarly, AMP + Responsive can also be combined together.

Some of additional checkpoints that you can consider while reviewing are:

  • Study Analytics – Best way to build a strategy is to study the analytical behaviour of the mobile visitor and improvise step by step i.e. mobile devices being used, avg time of site, bounce rate, conversion and traffic ratio etc. May be trying out A/B testing can really help as well.
  • HSTS – Though new, HSTS can be a replacement for faster loading speed for HTTP. It adds an extra security layer as well. And Google loves secure websites.
  • Monitor Rankings – Desktop and Mobile rankings are different. Keep a regular check on the same by using tools like SEM Rush.
  • If you are using QR codes, make sure they are not on the desktop version as they are meant to be for a mobile device.
  • A check on video is must, most of the websites still load videos with technical glitches which results in bad U/X. Make sure each video is working and easy to navigate.
  • Pop-up, Ad banners – Major source of high bounce rate are pop-ups and ad-banners that take important space of your powerful content and may frustrate user in their desired path of conversion. Avoid until it is necessary.
  • Maps – For local business or brands in which store finders are essential needs Maps to showcase proper address. Make sure they are not over pixelated.

Answering the Dilemma – how to make your content standout in 2019

Posted by Varun Sharma on January 19, 2019
Content Marketing – Why it is important?

If you are not investing time and money in content writing then you may be missing out on the most important aspect that run through the veins of Digital Marketing!


A glance at some of the interesting statistics that will surely change your prospective about content marketing:

  • A pdf at Oracle states, Content marketing generates 3 times the leads then a paid search campaign per dollar spent
  • 90% of all organizations use content in their marketing efforts
  • On an average 27 million content are shared every day
  • Companies that Blog 15+ times in one month has 5 times more traffic than companies that do not blog

Well the above stats will surely “put a pen in your hand” … if still not impressed then please review a PPT shared by NewsCred on slideshare that highlights 50 Stats You Need to Know About Content Marketing

Factors to be considered for a compelling write-up:

What are the two important elements that come in your mind before you even want to proceed to write a powerful piece of content for your targeted audience?

Still thinking!


Well the answer is UX and UI.

UX refers to the user experience your write-up provides, whereas UI refers to the interface on which it is going to be displayed.

So answer the below 2 questions:

  • What are all the interfaces on which the content is to be displayed (Desktop, Mobile, Tab) and how does the rendering of content looks like on these devices? After Mobile First Index, you should surely consider giving Mobile a top priority.
  • What user experience does it offer (Content in form of videos, images, info-graphics, proper CTA etc)? – Is content clickable and shareable?

Did you know?

  1. Article with images get 94 percent more views than those without.
  2. Posts with videos generate 3 times more inbound links than posts with plain text

If you are a SEO Expert or a Creative writer, you are bound around the words by your clients “WRITE QUALITY CONTENT?”

What pointers really define a quality content?

I will keep it simple and straight:

  • How to create trust? – Is your information correct, do you have supportive facts?
  • Is the content useful to targeted users? – Are those facts useful in anyway?
  • Is the content interesting for the targeted users? – How your content is different from other content? – Is there an emotional pitch, excitement, surprise, and admiration in the flow of content to create a reply from the visitor?

Answer the question – Why are you writing? For whom you are writing? What you want to achieve? Or simply fill in the blanks below:

We’ll become the best ________________ for ___________________ who are interested in __________________. This will help us become the ________________ and ________________. And unlike _____________, we do ______________ differently by _______________.

Scratch your heads and Get Deep Insight of the topic:

Still Thinking which content is good

  • Understand the topic on which you have to write (Get deep insights from the team who is engaged with the project.)
  • Read other blogs (What are they writing, which content on topic has maximum shares etc)
  • Check Q/A for the topic on channels like Quora
  • Get to know the latest trends and hash tags on topic
  • Review any news in trend for the particular topic
  • Any Stats that can be supported

3 Powerful tips to get your message to the right people:

Tip 1: Segment and know your audience:

Who are the targeted audience?

  • Get stats from client or his sales team
  • Previous Demographic Data from analytics (if any)
  • Review stats around the world or local targeted region (if available)
  • Carry out a competitor analysis, you can use free tool like com

Tip 2: After segmenting the audience, get into their shoes and

  • Try to find similarities between their interests
  • How to make a No or Yes from them, how to generate reaction i.e. go against or support them?
  • Understanding whom they follow, what they follow? – Use Follower Wonk to get some insights.

Tip 3: Display the Right Elements:

  • Review additional supporting informational keywords use Google Auto Complete or SEM Rush
  • Review images or info-graphics (Give references)
  • Add some supportive videos with references
  • Any influencer or author you can refer?
  • Any E-book or guide you can refer?

Lets check out a small example of how my team crafted a content for a “Business Insurance” client who wanted to sell insurance to “Plumbers”


Main Motive – Content focused to help the targeted audience to decide, invoke and create a curiosity to buy insurance.

Client Requirement – Topic – Plumber Insurance

Targeted Audience – Plumbers

Targeted Location – Australia

Elements to understand topic:

What issues plumbers usually face?

Examples of any Plumber story (Checked references on internet) –

Need of insurance for Plumbers (Checking the growth and stats for need over the years and describing the same) –

We used the above data. Added a right infographic with videos. Powered it with great CTAs.

Summary: An infographic to summarize the article in the best way (Click to view):

content marketing 2019 infographic



Top 15 Strategies for Ecommerce Link Building in 2019

Posted by Varun Sharma on January 19, 2019
In 2019, the smart move in link building strategies for ecommerce websites will help the aggressive and ambitious competitive business market to catch eyes of their online customers.

Eccommerce Link Building
E-commerce Link Building

Those brands that can visualise and accommodate or outstrip the needs of customer and can dexterously engage online shoppers via mobile as well, will be champions in 2016. But those online retailers that follow the conventional brand-centric e-commerce tactics will lose their potential customers and revenue.” – VarDish

How to make links for Ecommerce website is hard process. It’s not a hidden fact. Whether you are doing ecommerce link building services for a client or working to enhance the visibility of your own site, there are some exclusive confrontations you have to face when building links for an e-commerce website.

As we enter 2019, it’s important to have recap of link building approaches of previous year. It will help us to understand the future of link building tactics in a better way. Most of the tricks and techniques for building the links for ecommerce websites will be similar in 2019. It will just be an enhancement of 2018.

2018 Link Building Strategy for Ecommerce Websites which are promoted to 2019

1. Set Up Deal Pages:

Deals Page Eccommerce Website
Deals Page E-commerce Website

Ecommerce websites run numerous deals throughout year. The deal page can be used to earn more links. Below given points will be helpful:

  • It is better to have one common deal page. It will be useful in getting return business. It is better to check for the backlinks of similar deal pages and outreach websites who posts similar deals in your business targeted region for backlinks.
  • Keep track of the relevant competitors and customers. Let bloggers and media know about your deals. If they want to let their followers know about it, they will have to link back to the page.
  • It is better to keep the page up once the sale is done. You can alter the page contents to be more generic. It is good to include links to important categories on your website or give a way to chip in to your mailing list.

2. Run a Contest:

Contests gives an enormous chance to generate links.

Contest Eccomerce website
Contest E-commerce website

You can form them to target specific customers, gratify to their requirements and in turn, make your contents go viral.

There are several types of contests you could use in ecommerce. For example Sweepstakes are easy to run, affordable and can produce great traffic for your ecommerce website.

3. Spend on PR:

Nicely formed PR campaign which is built around crucial event for your business can give good quality editorial links. It is wise to observe services like ProfNet and SourceBottle for media story requests and pitch your ideas. If you’re chosen, you’ll get an editorial link.

4. Change Brand Mentions into Link:

Many times in a month people may refer your brand in their blog or website etc. They may even write about it on their sites, tweet or mention it in their Facebook on regular basis. But they do not regularly link back.Use Buzz Sumo or alerts to track your website mentionsof your brand or products and reach out to those who are using your brand for a link back.

5. Research your competition

:It is better to use a link tool to see where your competitors  are getting their links from and candidly start noting them. You will apparently require unique and catchy content. This process will save your time that you would have spent searching for new sites. It is advisable to ignore the low authority sites. As long as you follow guidelines and give excellent content, it’s only a matter of time before you outshine them.

6. Guest Posting:

It should be the best way of having backlinks for an ecommerce website. The essential part of an effective guest post is targeting right audience related to your business.In your signature or the biography box, you can leave links to your site with specific key words. Search engines use the number of back links as an indication of ranking your website for respective keywords.

7. Get a link from the manufacturer:

It is a good idea to get a link from the manufacturer whose products are sold on your website. Just send them an email and request them for a link that will do the magic.

8. Article submission:

It is an efficient way to get back links. Every now and then they will renounce your submission or take a very long time to approve it, but it is still an ultimate way to boost back links.

9. Interviews:

This is a fantastic way to build links for your ecommerce website. Catch a forerunner in your business and take their interview. People like publicity. In order to find forerunners in your business area do survey. Send emails to them. If they have press page there are 100% chances that they will link to your website.

10. Broken Link Building Redefined:

Make list of products in your business that are terminated, not in stock etc

•       Check 404 pages or websites for those products or keywords (Website can be used:
•       Outreach them to replace the current page with a similar product from your inventory
•       Check the back link of a broken website and outreach them for replacement links

11. Infographics:

Infographics are golden goose for having backlinks and a new technique. A functional embed code raises the amount of backlinks that you achieve from your infographic marketing campaign. whenever someone pastes your embed code on their website, it will show your infographic and a link back to your site.

12. Purchase expired domains

Expired domains in your business field are great sources of getting the links to your websites. First purchase the domain and then redirect it using a 301 redirect to your site, and see the flood of link juice.

13. Google loves Yahoo Answers

Google appears to adore Yahoo answers.  Keep a watch on Yahoo Answers and reply to questions related to your field. Provide good answers and give your website as a source.  It increases your chances of getting  back link to your website. No doubt they are no followed, but if your answer is profitable and valuable, anyone who sees it in the future will click through to your site.

14. RSS feeds:

Feedburner is a fantastic place to submit your RSS feeds, whether they are product or news feeds. They have great domain authority and can send you huge traffic, as well. Other feed assembling websites are also important for submitting product feeds, and they add backlink to your website.

15. Focus on Social Media:

Most of the social media sites gives nofollow links. Therefore  it is  important to focus only on those websites that allow dofollow links. Here are some of the social media websites to get backlinks: YouTube, Hub Pages, WordPress, RedditLinkedIn and many more.

These are some of the most important ecommerce strategies for 2019. No doubt it will continue to grow in 2019. Therefore it is Important to observe the changes minutely in this arena because ecommerce world is going to get very competitive in coming time.


How to use Image based SEO for marketing in 2019?

Posted by Varun Sharma on January 17, 2019
While 2018 saw content emerging from the shadow of SEO but 2019 seems to play a more significant role in SEO for Images.

Images can procreate a lot of traffic from image based search engines.

If you want more traffic to your website, you must learn how to optimize respective images to bring traffic.

The usage of images with other media constituents, has always been a way to engross your visitors and seize their attention. Following certain tactics of Image optimization in 2019 like using quality images in your content will give your business the possibility to be more visible on social media, encouraging more involvement of visitors and click through to your website.

Past, Present and Future of Image Optimisation

Future of SEO for Images
Image Based Marketing Past, Present and Future

Peep into the Past

In this fast moving world, the benefit of including images within search results is important than before.In comparison to the content of the website image results are more

  • Easily seen,
  • Understood
  • and Clickable.

The Google President, Eric Schmidt, mentioned that google images search was born because of the craving to see Jennifer Lopez in her outlandish green Versace dress.

Gradually the number of images indexed in google were increased:

  • 250 million images were indexed in 2001
  • In 2005 the result expanded to 1 billion.
  • By 2010, the index enlarged to 10 billion images.
  • In July 2010, the image search results were over one billion views a day.

Glance into Present (2019) for Image Optimisation

Factors to keep in mind for 2019:

1. Image Assets

Choose  persuasive images to maximize traffic to your website. Visuals are seen 60,000 times faster than text. Therefore to find the accurate image is always crucial. A meaningful image will always be help to give right information and convince your audience.

For Example: If a company wants to advertise multiple sales in one image, he has to be clear, specific and impressive as in above picture.

Basic factors affecting Optimisation of Image Assets

There are two outstanding ways to store and manage your images:

i)  One of the reasonable and best option for storing all your digital photos is on photo-centric image hosting websites like,, etc.

  • Create Account
  • Upload images
  • Give relevant alt and title tags, loc, description
  • Select the creative common license

ii)  The second way is to Own the Image Gallery on website

  • Create a Gallery Page
  • Define Category in H1 Tag
  • Define Images in each category with title in h2 tag
  • Give relevant description to each image in <p> and alt & title tag.
  • Create the creative license code (4.0) and add to each image for copyrights

2. Add and Submit in GWT the image sitemap: 

Google crawl those images more efficiently whose sitemap is submitted in Google webmaster tool. Therefore in order to let search know about these images, you must put their location as well as different image assets while creating an image site map.

3. File Names:

It is better to optimise your image file names logically. If you’re naming the image for your iphone 6 plus product page you should not name your image as mgs729942712.jpg. The accurate image file name is iphone-6-plus.jpg. The search engines not only crawl the text on your webpage, but they also look for the keywords within the file names of your images.

4. Alt Text:

The alt attribute gives SEO value to the images in your website. Providing appropriate alt tags to the images can help your website achieve better rankings in the search engines by giving appropriate and related keywords to the images. The reason behind giving alt attribute is search engines can’t read images. Therefore you need to use alt tags to help describe your image to search engines. So by not including alt attributes for each and every image on your website, you miss a big chance to be visible online.

5. File Size:

For example for the website if their pages slow down even by 1second they will definitely lose $1.6 billion a year . “Page Load Time” is one of the most important factor in determining ranking of respective page. The larger the file size of the images, longer it takes a webpage to load. If images on your website slowly drip down the screen and take over 10 seconds to load, you can bade prospective customer goodbye! It is always better to decrease the size of the image files on your webpage to speed up page load time. Many ecommerce websites may use thumbnails for their websites. Make thumbnail image size as small as possible.

6. Captions: 

The caption of the image is the text that is included in the image optimisation. The captions which are under images are read 200% times more than the body text. Therefore if we don’t use them in a proper way, it means you are missing out on an opportunity to engage a large number of crucial readers.

7. How to get Copyright for your Images:

o   Register with the Electronic Copyright Office:

ü  Complete the application

ü  Pay the registration fee

ü  Upload or submit the copies of the images being registered

This is the best way of protecting rights for your images which help to protect and prevent other people from copying or using your image without your permission.

8. Image Optimization Tools for Compressing Images: 

There are several free online tools available to squeeze and optimize images. Below are several easy and user-friendly tools for making your web images as tiny in file size as possible.

  1.! is versatile tool for image optimisation. It is a tool that is available as a Firefox extension or as a simple web-based application  (hosted by Yahoo!) etc.
  2. PNGOUT is a robust image optimization tool which has set of choices so that you can easily optimise files compression to boost traffic via images.
  3. RIOT has tremendous facilities to gain traffic with images for your website. It supports inputs in JPG, PNG, and GIF files. It has the facility to take out image metadata for reduction of file bloat and it also has some image-editing service such as pan, zoom, and rotate..
  4. SuperPNG is a free tool for Windows and Mac OS users that optimizes your GIF images.
  5. Online Image Optimizer is another online tool for compressing your images etc.

9. Image Optimisation in WordPress:

There are many wordpress plugins to optimise your website. But before hoping on plugins it is better to check other factors which are mentioned above to influence seo for image optimisation.

Some of the wordpress plugins for image optimisation  are given below:

o   EWWW Image Optimizer WordPress Plugin

o   WP WordPress Plugin

o   SEO Friendly Images WordPress Plugin

o   Imsanity WordPress Plugin

o   PB Responsive Images WordPress Plugin

o   Media File Renamer WordPress Plugin

o   Hammy WordPress Plugin

There are many options as far as WordPress image optimization plugins go. Choose one that suits your exact requirement. 

10. Reverse Image Search:

It is widely used in 2015 and holds promising future in the image optimisation search technology arena. Reverse image search engine technology takes an image file as input query and returns results related to the image. You can use a picture on your computer or anywhere as your search to find the images which are similar to it around the web. When you are doing a search using an image, at that time any images or URLs that you upload will be stored by Google. Google only uses these images and URLs to enhance your products and services.

Snoop into the Future of Image Optimisation 2019

The below given factors may impact either now or in future:

  • EXIF Image Metadata: According to Matts Cutt software engineer at Google said that Google was not yet exactly using image meta data. Exif data could be included into search results in the future. Besides, Cutts recommended “if you’re taking pictures, I would go ahead and embed that sort of information if it’s available within your camera.
  • Page Rank for product image search: In 2008, Google disclosed a paper named “PageRank for Product Image Search” that entrenched a way of computing a new image ranking factor. Precisely this method accumulates the images that are returned for a query and it recognizes the interest points within the images. It uses those interest points to provide resemblance between images and then ranks the image that has the maximum similar points as the highest.

There is no authentication saying this method has been triggered as a ranking factor, but hopefully it will be used in the future.

  • ImageNet Large-Scale Visual Recognition Challenge:
    The ImageNet large-scale visual recognition challenge is the biggest academic challenge in the world of computer. It happens every year to test the in depth understanding of the image, both in the sense of identifying the objects in images and tracing where they are. These technological growth will acknowledge even better understanding of image and the progress will directly affect Google products such as photo search, image search, YouTube and many more.

Google is definitely going to deepen its understanding of image optimisation technique  in 2019. Some of the above mentioned factors are going to get more advanced especially reverse image optimisation. We should be prepared for more aggressive competition in image optimisation arena.


An overview on successful Journey of Rand Fishkin

Posted by Varun Sharma on October 30, 2015
History and Biography of Rand Fishkin

On asking Randy about getting recognized in public as a ‘celebrity’, he says, “Almost never, and even when it happens, it’s usually someone I know or have met, so that doesn’t really count. I don’t think it’s fair to say I have “celebrity status, especially compared to all those “social media” experts who have 100K+ followers on Twitter.”

Probably, you might also not have identified him by his name, but, what if I say, Mr. Rand Fishkin – Co-Founder and Former CEO, SEOMoz..??

Got him now??

SEOMoz is not a new name in the Digital world today and hence Rand Fishkin is a familiar face for all!

“There is a great story behind every successful individual” and this saying fits well with the life of Rand Fishkin. Like every other great personality, Randy too covered the voyage through hardships, struggle and failures in his life.. But these letdowns never stopped him and he reached where he is today

Rand fishkin SEO MOZ
Rand fishkin SEO MOZ

Rand Fishkin – His Tough Journey to Success!

Achieving success is not a game of a day or two. Even people who are highly successful have suffered a lot in getting all they have achieved today.

When Randy along with his partner Gillian Muessig started working on MOZ, they had no idea about how to run a business. From venture capital to even the full form of MRR, they were completely blank. “You know, we just had no savviness at all about how to build revenue, how to get customers, keep them, how to maintain a financial model that had any hope of succeeding… We were just truly rank amateurs at this stuff.”

What they knew was just the expenses needed to maintain the tools.

“ All I knew was well, it cost us this much to maintain our tools, so we’d better get people paying us every month instead of a one time download, because it costs us money to keep it up. I had the most simplistic of thinking that you can imagine from a business perspective.”

Although, today SEOmoz is the world’s biggest SEO platform, it gave a lot of pain to Randy during his entire journey. Rand literally struggled with depression while building Moz. His depression made him see everything around him with negative light as all his strategies and efforts for Moz were failing. The situation got worst when Moz lost $6m in 2013. It was a heartbreaking episode for Rand.

Although, Rand is very jubilant in real life, during depression he started living in isolation, away from the limelight and even family and friends.

When I was depressed, I really did not feel better after spending time with my friends and coworkers who were just like, “everything’s fine, Rand, look at these amazing thing you built. What are you complaining about? It’s going so well, so you had one misstep, it’s going to turn itself around. It’s not like you’re bleeding money, you didn’t have to fire anybody. What’s your problem, Rand?

I hated that. HATED it. It just bugged the shit out of me.

I’m having a visceral reaction just remembering that now“.

What shattered Randy was the public response he received when Moz was in loss.

Folks were like, “yeah man, this is complete shit. I can’t believe we fucked this up, you fucked this up, it’s gotta get better, we’ve gotta improve it, we need to work on this, this is just terrible and I understand how badly you feel.” 

But…… things really changed! Randy finally made efforts to fight his depression and come back. His supporters, friends and mentors who trusted him brought him back into action.

“The thing that helped me the most was hanging out with friends and folks who either had depression before, or understood that anxiety and could commiserate. Honestly that was way more helpful, way more comforting than “everything will be all right.”

People like Ben Ha (of The Cheezburger Network) who have been through struggle and depression, greatly inspired Rand.

“I really liked spending time with him. I like spending time with him now, too, but it was just great to have that feeling of not being alone. Of not feeling like “the rest of you are crazy, why can’t you see this terrible thing for what it is?”

And finally, his depression began to fade with a silly event that he had.

“The moment of change happened after a doctor’s visit, in a very weird, inexplicable way. A few months prior to the doctor’s visit, I had tried a chocolate truffle laced with THC (don’t panic, personal Marijuana use is legal in Washington State). I’ve had sciatica in my left leg for years. For 6 hours after I tried the pot truffle, I felt horrible – crazy paranoid and high and awful. Then, for the next 3 days, my leg didn’t hurt at all for the first time in six years. I told my doctor about this, and she said “the funny thing is, Marijuana doesn’t have any pain-killing properties. It just lessens tension, anxiety, and stress for some people.”

Moment of epiphany! My pain is tied to anxiety and stress (probably) and since I’m not particularly excited about trying pot truffles again after those first 6 hours of hell, I need to work on those things in order to fix my leg. And not just my leg, There’s likely all sorts of maladies, mental and physical, that I might suffer in years ahead if I can’t get this under control. That night, I felt different. I looked at our daily numbers email in the morning, and I didn’t come up with some reason in my head why they were bad even though they looked good. “

The Bottom Line

Despite of having specific goals in life, we tend to fail often. This is because it’s not difficult to set goals; it’s difficult to fulfill them. People get into depression because they fear failure and loss, just like Randy. He was so much moved by the continuous losses that he got clutched in despair and heart-break. But, that one event, though weird, changed Randy’s life, bringing him back in his pace and getting him the position he earned today. It’s only a momentous impact that can shake and wake you!

Don’t fear failures. They are the stepping stones to success. The more you fail, the more you learn and the better you achieve. Try to learn from your pain. Just think, what are those things that can ease your pain and anxiety and you’ll find several things around.

And as said, Big things come in small packets…. Your journey of endless failures and little gains… though may take time… but definitely will lead you to your ultimate goal.

Hope this story would inspire you in life!

Learn more about Rand Fishkin and get inspired from his failures at

And, if you’re into SEO marketing and seeking ways to learn the tactics, follow Rand Fishkin at

An infographic on the timeline of Rand Fishkin Success

infographic rand fishkin history


How to optimize videos for your business on you-tube in 2016

Posted by Varun Sharma on June 20, 2015
In my 10 years long career, I have read lot of books and certainly Sean V BradleyGoogleopoly book I recently bought was one of the good buys that helped in writing and practicing this strategy for video optimization.

Especially, the video optimization chapter was the best one, though a basic start but the examples are good enough to keep you glued to the book and I have been using the same in my small 40 people digital marketing company for enhancing their skills as well. You can see the short video below as an example I used in my company:


To be honest, not only the book, video and the PDF will help you get business from you-tube. They are just basic set ups that are necessary to get the best out of your video optimization campaigns. You will need to have a perfect strategy in-place i.e. an astounding idea, perfect study of your target audience, paid campaign if required and an innovative mind on how to produce share and likes for your video, in simple words, “to make it viral you need to be creative”.

Try out for Results of Video SEO in 30 days:

Example 1 for Video Optimization:

I had done video optimization 3 years back and was able to rank most of the videos for New York based handyman client and honestly speaking, things have changed a lot since then, the way Google rank videos now is a way different then it ranked 3 years back.

So for 2015, What can be the right strategy?

What I Feel –

Well till you are not in the playground yourself and you do not have the right stats, you just can’t predict things.

Following that idea in my mind, I have started trying the same as below myself:

I created a video for one of my client. “

Time Tenure till now: 30 Days

Video Created and Used:


Targets to Achieve for the Video Optimization Campaign:

  1. To rank “IT Support and IT Services Singapore”  phrasal keyword on on search engine in Organic and Video Tabs.
  2. To rank “IT Support Singapore” for an exact match keyword on on search engine in Organic and Video Tabs.
  3. Another target is to rank the video for “Brand Searches” i.e. “Apixel IT Support” keyword on top 5 positions.

Note: Keyword selection is done, according to analytical stats and SEM Rush tool.

Note: We already rank on TOP 1st page for Organic and Local rankings for the client on the keywords so now the main JOB is to rank the video in Top 100 and then in Top 10.

Results Achieved so Far for the Video Optimization Campaign:

  • Brand Keyword “Apixel IT Support” – Top 5 positions – Achieved
Video Optimization Example for Brands 2015
Video Optimization Example for Brands in 2015
  • IT Support Singapore –  1st Position on Video Tabs – Achieved and 116th Position on Organic Ranking – In Progress
How to Optimize Videos in 2015
How to Optimize Videos in 2015
  • IT Support and Services Singapore –  2nd Position on Video Tab Rank – Achieved and 120th Position for Organic Ranking – In Progress

So, the best part is that with-in 30-45 days of small part of optimization gave me some effective results. I cannot share the traffic data of my clients but can give you an idea that my Google analytical goal triggered results.

Moving ahead, I will be updating the results for the same by further optimization every month.

If anyone followed the same strategy and have better ideas please share your comments below.

 Example 2:


Challenge: To rank and optimize current videos for keyword “Apple Monitor Mounts”


Video SEO Results
Video SEO Results 2



Understanding Google Freebase and Optimizing it for your brand

Posted by Varun Sharma on January 14, 2015
With great power, comes great responsibility’ – this quote seems perfectly suited for Google. The search engine giant has outshined all players in the race by a significant margin by continuously providing unprecedented services. Google keeps on incorporating new features to better a user’s search experience so that they can get access to more useful and appropriate data in the least possible time.

Google’s Freebase acquisition is one step in this direction that allows people to access relevant and commonly available information more effectively. This is why a small module with a summary immediately appears on the R.H.S. of the search result page when you search for a person, place or thing.

Freebase is a collaborative graph database for structuring knowledge of people looking for information about a particular person, thing or place on the internet. This ingenious open-source, shared database is the brain-child of San Francisco-based startup Metaweb Technologies, Inc. The company was founded by Robert Cook and Danny Hillis in 2005, and is now an integral part of Google since 2010.

Google Freebase Example

It’s a community-curated database of more than 12 million well-known objects including movies, books, TV shows, locations, etc., which combines structured and unstructured data, maintains the association between them and finally uses it to show Google search results based on both kinds of data. Being an open-source platform, it is available free for use by developers and encourages other companies and users to contribute to enhance its knowledge base of metadata.

How to add your brand/business to Freebase

Freebase swings into action as soon as you enter a search query, and it collects information from various reliable sources such as, Wikipedia and displays it as Knowledge Graph.

If you are the owner of a company and want information about your company/brand to appear on the Knowledge Graph, follow the steps I’ve listed below and see how using Freebase the search engine giant provides better and more contextual results for your brand.

freebase for brands

Step 1Get a Google account

As the Freebase is a Google company, it prefers you sing into it with a Gmail account. If you already have a Google account, then you can directly jump to the sign in/sign up button on the website and register.

Step 2 – Brand listing

If you have a Wikipedia page for your brand, possibility of your brand already being listed on the Freebase is high, since (already mentioned above) it uses information from reliable sources. If you’re not on Wikipedia, then don’t worry, there are numerous topics listed under Domain bar to choose from using which you can describe your brand easily.

After clicking on a category listed under the ‘Domain,’ you will see various types. Choose one that suites your business and proceed to create a topic for it. Clicking the button will activate the ‘gear icon menu’ on the R.H.S of the top bar. Enter the name of your brand and click ‘Create.’

Step 3- Business info

Your business has been listed on the Freebase successfully. Now you need to enter more details about your brand. For that you need to add new value listed under the ‘Topic’ module. You can further edit (add or remove) the information by making changes in the ‘Add Type.’ Enter the type of your brand, business or services you offer. ‘Assert this type’ Freebase pop-up will appear on your screen. Click ‘yes’ to continue.

Step 4 – Enriching your entities

Other important information you need to update for your brand is the logo, general overview, establishment date, name of the founding member(s), business headquarter, official webpage, social media links, etc. And, this is how search result for your brand Freebase will show to a user.

Apple Knowledge Graph

Why Freebase?

That’s all you need to get listed on the Google’s Freebase. But, one question that might be making high tides in your mind is ‘why you need to list your brand on Freebase.’ Okay, here I will try and acquaint you with the answer –

Brand image

We know the fact that having additional information and multimedia about your brand makes you look more reputable in the eyes of the users searching for your brand on the internet.

Free Ad space

This is the best advertisement spot Google offers to the brands. If you are right with the process of adding your brand to the Freebase, you are going to get almost half of Google’s search result page (SERP) for free.


Given that Google keeps enhancing its search algorithm, new updates keep coming in at any point in time impacting search engine rankings for your brand. However, the visual elements Freebase offers with the help of Knowledge Graph can help you stay connected to your potential customers.

Here-in the article, I have tried to familiarize you with Freebase, and how you as a business can use it for your advantage. In case there is something that keeps you begging for more, leave a comment and I will respond to your query. However, on the basis of a recent (official) report surfaced on the Freebase’s Google Plus page, Google is planning to shut down Freebase, but will continue to offer access to Knowledge Graph.

What concerns will it raise?

Following this move, Google will integrate huge Freebase database into Wikimedia Foundations’ Wikidata and the project will be shut down as a standalone entity in mid-2015. Freebase will become read-only on March 31st,2015 and a new API for entity search powered by Google’s Knowledge Graph will be introduced. By the end of June 2015, the Freebase website and APIs will be closed and the final dump of Freebase data, which is offered under a Creative Commons Attribution License, will be released.

This, for sure, is the gentlest retirement of the service ever done by Google, and it would be too early to be judgmental about the decision as one API takes a backseat, and another is ready to enter the service. But, my biggest concern, as a digital marketing expert, is how accurately the data will get updated and transferred from one platform to another. Will the same volunteers work in the Wikipedia community? What would be its impact on Knowledge Graph, good or bad? If you are also concerned about the change, then leave your feedback in the comment section below.

Other useful links:


How to use Wikipedia for SEO and Link Creation

Posted by Varun Sharma on December 3, 2014
Wikipedia SEO

Image Credit

A lot of us out there in the SEO world are often wondering whether or not is it correct to use Wikipedia for SEO purpose. If you ask me, my answer will always be – yes!

Wikipedia undoubtedly is amidst the most visited websites on the internet. Its importance as an authority website is unparalleled. At this point it is really worth pondering how many times Wikipedia shows up in the first three or four search results on Google.

It provides unbiased and near correct information to millions of visitors every day. Wikipedia is therefore a major online traffic source, which is waiting to be used for their advantage by SEO experts. Using Wikipedia for SEO is not as easy as it may seem, you cannot just jump over to Wikipedia and check how many times you can stuff in your links in different articles.

Yes, Wikipedia is one of the finest and most effective link building sources out there, but before you can use Wikipedia to your advantage, there are many things that you need to keep in mind.

  • Wikipedia is basically a non-profit organization, so it doesn’t work for financial gains. Its primary objective is to provide readers with unbiased, neutral and accurate information. Studies have revealed, information on Wikipedia is nearly as accurate as Encyclopedia or Britannica and that there are billions of users on the website. The stats are good to suggest Wikipedia as an online information giant
  • Wikipedia doesn’t give out any link juice; all the links on Wikipedia are “nofollow”
  • Wikipedia does not want you to add links with which you are personally associated with you in any way
  • Wikipedia can add your site to spam list if links to your website are continuously added to articles on Wikipedia

 Wikipedia SEO Strategy

Image Credit:

How can you use Wikipedia for your SEO advantage?

Basically put, Wikipedia backlink will not add value to your site. But yes, you can still gain with exposure and keyword ranking. Most Internet Marketing experts, like myself thus suggest:

Value is not really the question, it’s how you get your links on Wikipedia pages to benefit from other things.

When it comes to ranking for a specific keyword, your website may not rank well for it, but your Wikipedia page with a link for the keyword will be able to rank fairly high. This does not mean you start creating Wikipedia page for every keyword, it is only beneficial if it happens organically. The main focus of an SEO professional should be to add content, and not links. Links should be secondary to content, especially when you’re dealing with Wikipedia.

  • The content you upload on Wikipedia should be unbiased and completely accurate.
  • Start by editing few related articles and then move to the target article.
  • When adding links, be inconspicuous and focus on linking multiple website.
  • Do not stick to adding links to your website alone, try and include links to few other credible sources as well.
  • It is also advisable not to try and add all your links at once, it should be a gradual process and should look organic.

How to create a Wikipedia page?

Create Wikipedia Page

Image Credit:

Anyone looking to create a brand new page on Wikipedia must proceed with caution. A Wikipedia page for your company, brand or agency is extremely valuable; it can lend credibility and make you reachable on the internet. Moreover, customers searching for you on

Wikipedia feel impressed and consider your organization to be big and legitimate. Wikipedia encourages new pages on brands, which have not been written about previously. But the brand or company you are writing about should have history of being in mainstream media and the evidence should be available online.

Most SEO executives must have tried to create new pages and place their site’s link(s) on it. In most cases, fanatical Wikipedia editors must have removed it. Why does this happen? It is because the external link you provided is of little use to the community and only benefits you.

You should not let this deter you. If you have a website that can be recognized as a resource in its domain. And if you see that Wikipedia does not have a page on the topic you cover, you should venture into creating a page and gain SEO benefits from the link(s) you place in the article.

Here is how you can get down to create a compliant Wikipedia page:

  • Become a trusted contributor: You cannot get around this, if you are planning to make an edit to existing Wikipedia content, or you plan to add a new page; you need to sign in as user.
  • Login: After creating an account, login to Wikipedia. You can do this directly if you have an existing account. Search if the page already exists: Before getting down to create a page, search Wikipedia to see if the page you plan already exists. If it doesn’t exist you can go on to make the page; but if it is already made you can see the information, read it and edit if necessary.
  • Category: All pages on Wikipedia should be placed in one category at least. The easiest way to find a relevant category for your page, search for similar articles and copy the category from there. You can go to the end of the page, to add category module and select your category there.
  • Include multiple references: Wikipedia says it’s not a dictionary, so it requires every page to have more than a dictionary-style definition with one or no reference. It is advisable to cite at least 3-4 reference links (to credible sources) on a new page. Moreover, including the reference within the article, listing out references at the end of the articles is not considered a good practice by Wikipedia editors.
  • Links other pages in Wikipedia: It is encouraged and expected of you to add references (links) of other pages within Wikipedia, which have relevance to your page content. More detailed process of creating a page can be found here, I’d like to inform that people will edit your page, sometimes in ways you may dislike. Though, Wikipedia has a policy to let you discuss if you disagree with some change, but it may not have a desirable effect on the link you had included. So, what’s the best you can do to ensure Wikipedia page retains the link to your website. The idea is simple – ensure the page linked is useful to any visitor landing on the page through Wikipedia, make sure it does not contain anything promotion or commercial. There are several reasons for your article, or the link in it, to be removed from Wikipedia, the main thing is to ensure that there is a level of neutrality. Do not include anything promotional about your brand or company on the page.

Different types of Wikipedia pages

albert einstein wikipedia page Individual, group, band, company, agency or brand, just about anyone can create a page on Wikipedia. Every page is different from the other, but there is a catch – a page should be neutral, verifiable and should not be promotional. Any page which does not comply with Wikipedia’s terms and conditions or is found to be unworthy of inclusion can be removed from the website as per the site’s deletion policies.

Without saying, Wikipedia seeks neutrality. Every page or article on Wikipedia should be editorially neutral. The page cannot take sides of the organization, brand or individual it discusses. It should report both the good and bad about the topic from reliable and verifiable sources. The page cannot be promotion and must only contain factual information.

When you write an article about yourself, your agency, organization, company or brand, you have no right to control its content or the right to delete it outside Wikipedia’s normal channels. It is exciting to have an article about yourself, your company etc. on Wikipedia, but it cannot be your sales brochure. The article should not be there to promote, but to tell the world about the topic’s neutral point-of-view. Include your links only if they are useful to the community and not just you (for the sake of promotion, you can only include the link to your website).

It is because of this, most SEO experts, will tell you to ask someone with no obvious ties with you, or someone who has good reputation with Wikipedia to create a page for you or your business. This will present a neutral viewpoint.

Link between Google Knowledge Graph and Wikipedia

Wikipedia Google Knowledge Graph Google formally launched its Knowledge Graph back in 2012. The new technology which appears as a box on the side of Google’s traditional search result, providing interesting facts about people, company, brand, place or thing. Google Knowledge Graph picks out most important facts for each search query, to show the visitor information they are looking for in a snippet.

The introduction of Google Knowledge Graph (or Graph) is seen to have an effect on Wikipedia. It is believed that the free online encyclopedia lost about 10 percent of its page views in 2013. The Wikimedia foundation website shows that page views on English Wikipedia declined by close to 12 percent in the period between December 2012 and December 2013. The report brings out a finding that believes when people can get their answers from the search page itself, why would they want to click Wikipedia page for it.

Google Knowledge Graph Search ensures that people don’t have to click further than the search page when they are searching for companies, people, big brands etc. It may be an outside reason for decline in Wikipedia’s viewership, but there is no denying that Graphs (don’t have a box for everything). For information on most things, you still have to go to Wikipedia.

Using Broken Link Building for Wikipedia

Wikipedia Dead Link SEO When it comes to backlinks, just like any other website, Wikipedia also has broken external links site wide. Wikipedians define “dead link” as link not active. This means the link needs to be replaced. For SEO experts it is a great opportunity to find dead links as it can be a new backlink opportunity. You can find all articles with external dead links here. WikiGrabber is another good tool to help narrow your search for dead links.

Broken Link Building benefit

It is one of the most interesting white hat link building tactic to look up Wikipedia for all dead links. If you have a reference to the dead link, grab the opportunity and get a nofollow link from one of the most trusted website out there. You can email the site owner telling them their links with relevant Wikipedia pages. This will benefits SEOs in two ways:

  • The website owner is flattered because you have helped them fix a broken link
  • And you have a new backlink

“Wiki Grabber” – Introduction to tool and its advantages

Wiki Grabber, as discussed, is one of the finest tools to search for dead links. The tool is a quick way to find Wikipedia pages for non-active links, which need citations and/or dead link replacement. As an SEO you can use Wiki Grabber to your advantage to:

  • Instantly reach Wikipedia pages with broken and inactive links
  • Wikipedia refers to broken links as dead links. SEO can easily find the dead links on the page
  • Once the dead links are found, they can be replaced with your link


Wikipedia, we have come to understand, is the biggest authority websites on the internet. Therefore, the best thing any SEO can do is, create backlinks from Wikipedia. Just because Wikipedia links are nofollow, shouldn’t be a reason to believe that links are not valuable.


Virtual Reality and Future of Mobile Experience

Posted by Varun Sharma on November 1, 2014
Imagine the time when people first saw a motion picture, complete with sounds and moving pictures. They must have been surprised to the core when they happened to see movie characters and landscapes come alive on the screen. It was the “projector” that did the trick.

That was several decades ago. 

Virtual Reality Decades Ago

Image Credit:

On screen virtualization involved “eyes and ears” but not so much of rest of the human body. The involvement was great but not “near perfect.”

Video games were the next big inventions that further amplified involvement of people who played them. 

virtual reality video games

Image Credit:

Multiple, layered outcomes of a series of sequential actions in a video game were no doubt predefined by the software program but users did find themselves highly entertained due to the increased involvement.

As the computer science took center stage in all sectors including defense, entertainment, education, healthcare etc., several state funded and private organizations began allocating funds for research on Virtual Reality.

They knew the applications of a viable VR technology were immense. While some companies like Nitendo launched VR games way back in 1990s, several others jumped in and spent millions of dollars on VR R&D.

VR games were launched in huge numbers over the next few years and other organizations too found ways to make use of the advanced VR technologies.

Here’s a fine example of immersive virtual reality:

Today, VR technology is used in fine arts, game development, music creation, training etc. and even has therapeutic uses.

Virtual reality parachuting simulation
Virtual reality parachuting simulation | Source:

Image Credit:

The Next Big Wave of Change in VR

Virtual Reality and Future of Mobile Experience

Advancements in 3D and other such technologies have now made it possible to pass on the fruits of years of research to common people in the simplest ways imaginable.

In order to make VR more accessible to the world (as it required expensive hardware and software), a team at Google decided to develop a product that would provide VR experience right in the mobile phone

They called it Google Cardboard.

Google gifted an Android App titled “Google Cardboard” and a “cardboard” (fundamentally an Origami model) to developers this year at a conference.

Joined together, an Android Phone with the “Google Cardboard” app and this cardboard literally transformed itself into a basic but impressive virtual reality headset.

No, it’s not perfect but you do get the idea where we’re headed, right?

Can you imagine just how drastically (and for good) the mobile experience will change when VR in mobile becomes mainstream!

Consider This:

A mobile virtual world made up of the following:

  • A mobile device (which you can easily carry around easily)
  • A supplementary component to make it VR-ready (preferably less bulky than that of Oculus; its great work though!)
  • Superior Virtual Environment (preferably better than that of Google Cardboard)
  • Input devices for even great involvement (preferably smarter than Microsoft’s Kinect or Wii Controls)

Can you imagine the possibilities?

It shouldn’t be hard.

VR, I think, may take the world by storm in not so distant future. The fact that technology giants like Google are keen to take the smartphone revolution to the next level by integrating VR technologies with mobile operating systems goes on to prove just that.

I would still want to hit the road for a refreshing bike ride but 3D shopping on my mobile, I’m game for that!

Fingers crossed.


How Google uses the Entity Relationship Model

Posted by Varun Sharma on June 30, 2014
Computer science has for long made extensive use of “entities” and “relationships” for defining different data sets and key rules that govern their associations. Now, SEO and content writing professionals too may have to learn a thing or two about these concepts.

Let’s go through the basics first.

What is An Entity?

Something that can exist independently in its entirety can be termed as an entity.

So, your name is an entity and so is the title of this post. Any noun you can think of can be an entity.

What is a Relationship?

Multiple entities can be related to each other. These associations are known as ‘relationships.’

What is entity relationship model?

A Sample Entity-Relationship Diagram


Entity Relationship Example
entity relationship example

While ‘Writer,’ ‘Consumer’ and ‘Novel’ are entities here, they are related to each other through relationships named ‘Creates,’ and ‘Buys.’

This simple concept, enriched by “roles” and “cardinalities” forms the basis of Relationship Database Management Systems (RDMS).

What’s in it For SEO Experts?

If you are an SEO expert, you may now need to get into the basics of how relational database systems work or how you can use ER diagrams.

What should be of interest is the fact that Google has recently secured a patent that revolves around such entities.

In this case, Google has used the term “search entities.”

The Internet is growing bigger and search engine giants, well, smarter. The next big thing happening after Hummingbird, it seems, is Google taking “search entities” quite seriously.

Google’s Knowledge Graph, for example, is in fact an “entity graph.”

In near future, Google may use the “search entities” to a great extent to correlate different pieces of information that otherwise appear disconnected to a bot.

It’s Not a Recent Development

Google has been of course trying harder each year to better serve the end user as the Internet grows in size. If Google didn’t update its search algorithms every now and then, it would just fail to provide “relevant search results” due to the sheer size of the Internet.

Providing relevant results is Google’s core competence and there’s no way the company would want to lose out on that. It wants to ‘answer’ everything that billions of people want to ask it and do so in a manner that no one else can.

Back in 2010, Google acquired Metaweb, a company that had created a fine system of indexing “named entities” on the Internet.

A “named entity” is a specific place, person or a thing. Cristiano Ronaldo, Brazil and Football, for example, are “named entities.” Each of these named entities is given a unique ID.

Equipped with a database of tagged data (named entities) created by Metaweb, essentially a semantic search startup, Google was in a position to improvise it further and ultimately make it a part of its search engine offerings.

Today, when you search for Bob Marley, you’re shown some highly customized results because Google already has information ready to be served. “Bob Marley” in this case, is handled as a “named entity.”

Example Google Knowledge Graph
Example Google Knowledge Graph


Not just Google, other search engines are using such entities too. According to an internal study carried out by Microsoft, as many as 20 to 30% of all search queries processed by Bing Search were just named entities. The study also pointed out that close to 71% of all queries submitted to Bing Search had named entities in search strings.

Does that ring the bell? It should!

Search Entities – How Google Can Use Them

By successfully correlating billions of disparate “search entities,” earlier identified by making use of metrics such as keywords, images, meta tags, back links, anchor text, social signals and more recently authorship, Google may soon be in a position to further improvise its search algorithms.

Imagine how page ranks of many websites may change (for better or worse) if Google bots can effectively correlate specific information about different people, places and things.

Let’s say you create a new website on Bob Marley and make it a complete resource, by assimilating unique and high quality content as well as other information including the songs, wallpapers, videos, graphics, books etc.

Earlier, it would have been pretty hard for you to get it ranked well. It would take great effort because of highly competitive keywords. But once “search entities’ begin to play a bigger role, it would be a different ballgame.

Search Entity = Bob Marley

Related Search Entities = Songs, Music, Awards, Tours, Biography, Books, Articles, Images, Videos and so on.

If the list of “related search entities” is available with a (more) intelligent bot, do you not think it will begin to rank pages differently than how it is possibly done right now?

With “search entities” Google may be able to make some sense out of the unstructured data on the Internet. The outcomes will directly impact page ranks of websites crawled by the search engine.

What are you selling on the Internet? What are your products known for? Are you targeting a specific place? What is that place known for?

All such questions and a whole lot more may soon become more important than ever for internet marketers!