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The finest cup of coffee can only be prepared if the coffee beans are the best and of fresh quality. Selecting the best quality coffee beans can be compared to buying a bottle of good wine. Buying coffee beans requires careful selection.
It is important to have some basic knowledge about the world of coffee. It is important to sample the taste and aroma of different types of coffee before you finally decide on which coffee – Availability to take home. There are some more features which you should keep in mind when you go out to buy coffee beans. One of them is the acid content in the coffee. All coffees require a certain amount of acidity to prevent them from being flat or dull. The coffee having less amount of acidity is also called “mellow”.
The second factor to consider is the aroma as the aroma of coffee can be flowery, earthy, fruit-like, earthy, smoky or it can even have the aroma of certain nuts or berries.
TASTE: the regions where the coffee beans grow have a lot of impact on their taste. This depends upon the elevation and farming methods, the soil, and whether the coffee beans are organic or have been grown in the shade.
Now let’s dive into understanding the different types of coffee beans
Arabica Coffee Beans
Another name for Arabica is Arabian Coffee. It is considered to be the first species of coffee that was cultivated and comprises a major part of global production. It is the most popular coffee in the world. These coffee beans are grown all over the world but have their origin in the southwestern islands of Ethiopia. It is also grown in areas around the equator, Brazil being the largest producer in the world. They have a balanced taste which is not very strong. It comes in a slightly sweet flavor with a tinge of nuts, chocolate, caramel, fruits, or berries. It can be slightly acidic and bitter in taste.
Some of the most common kinds of Arabica coffee beans are
- Bourbon which is a bit of a chocolaty and fruity in flavor
- Typica is one of the first coffee variety and today most of the varieties we see come from this
- Caturra coffee has a light body and a citric flavor, and many more.
Some of the benefits of this coffee are:
- Low calorie without added milk and sugar
- Rich in anti-oxidant
- Contains small amounts of vitamins and minerals
- Can be used as a skincare product
It is best enjoyed as a cold beverage.
Robusta Coffee Beans
Robusta coffee is commonly known as coffee Cenephora which owes its origin to Africa. It is generally used in espresso, instant coffee, and also as a filler while blending certain kinds of ground coffee. The taste of Robusta coffee is between neutral and harsh. It is considered to have a very bitter taste. These coffee beans grow at a low altitude. It requires a very low production cost and is not susceptible done by pests. The farmers use the mono-cropping method for growing these coffee beans.
Some of the benefits include
- More caffeine and less sugar
- Low acidity
- Cheaper in price
Liberica Coffee Beans
Liberica coffee is also known as “Barako” meaning manly. The country of origin for this coffee is the Philippines. The beans of Liberica coffee are large in size and irregular in shape. The coffee beans have an aroma that is fruity and floral. It has a full body and a smoky taste. This coffee is strong in flavor due to the distinct smell it carries while it gets roasted. The taste of this coffee is considered to be woody by most people.
- It is a great anti-oxidant
- Used as a body scrub in the spa treatment
- Reduces the chances of Alzheimer’s and heart diseases
This is one of the rarest and least found coffee in the world today.
Excelsa Coffee Beans
Excelsa is also known as Coffea dewevrei or dewevreié and owes its origin to Central Africa where it was first cultivated. It is known to grow best between the altitudes of 1000 to 1300 m.a.s.l. in a much vertical space as it is a tree-like plant and not a shrub.
The coffee beans of Excelsa coffee are small and round and are mostly used to blend with other coffees. It possesses a fruity and tart body and has a roast taste.
- Contains lower levels of caffeine
- Excelsa tree is resistant to many diseases like coffee leaf lust, minor moth on coffee leaves, nematodes, etc.
Diving into different types of coffee, Robusta and Arabica hold more domination in the world of coffee, and sometimes these coffee beans are mixed to give a more interesting flavor, aroma, and texture to help you with a cup to enjoy.
In the end, the idea should be to measure life with coffee spoons whether you choose to drizzle mocha or vanilla.